Surgical Dermatology in Katy TX

Surgical Dermatology

Dermatologic surgery is the repair and improvement of the function and cosmetic appearance of skin, hair and nails.  To obtain more detailed information on some of the more common conditions we treat please feel free to contact us to schedule a consultation.

Cysts

Info: Cysts are harmless growths in the deeper layers of the skin. They are small closed sacs containing fluid or solid material composed of dead skin cells. There are many types of cysts of different sizes that appear on various parts of the body. Ruptured cysts can become inflamed (red and painful) and discharge pus. Occasionally cysts become infected and resemble a boil. Cysts may require minor surgery to be removed.

How it forms: Cysts may form when the lining of a hair follicle gets blocked. The cyst sac is filled with a whitish material that can sometimes ooze out onto the skin’s surface (most commonly when the cyst is manipulated or traumatized). It is not known why cysts appear or why some people are more prone to get them than others.

Prevention: If you have a cyst, ask your doctor’s advice. Small cysts usually don’t need treatment, but can be removed. Larger cysts are usually surgically removed to avoid problems with inflammation and infection, or for cosmetic appearance.

Treatment: Cysts are treated by making a surgical opening in the skin and removing the sac (excision). This is done under local anesthetic and may require stitches. Cysts may recur and need further treatment. If the cyst is inflamed or infected, antibiotics may be prescribed.

Moles

Info: Moles are very common. Most people have between 10 and 40 moles on their body. They may be pink, tan, brown, or a color similar the person’s normal skin tone. Moles can be flat or raised. Flat moles are called junctional nevi and raised moles are called compound nevi.

Signs & Symptoms: Moles are usually round or oval and smaller than a pencil eraser. They may be present at birth or may appear later on—usually before age 40. People who have dark skin tend to have dark moles. Moles may darken during pregnancy or after sun exposure. Moles tend to fade away in older people.

Prevention: Avoid sun exposure and use a sunscreen regularly to help prevent moles from developing. Everyone should perform a monthly skin self-exam. This is particularly important if you have many moles on your body. Make an appointment to see your doctor if you notice a new mole, a change in the size, shape or color of a mole, or find another suspicious skin lesion.